'Knowing the work was one of Rembrandt’s last makes it yet more potent and uplifting.'

Patrick BishopThe Return of the Prodigal Son, 1668/69, by Rembrandt (1606–69), 103in by 81in, The Hermitage, St Petersburg, Russia

Patrick Bishop says:

I only discovered this picture when I came across a tattered poster of it in a side chapel of St Augustin, our local church in Paris. Even in reproduction, I could feel its great power. It’s soaked in wonderful, soft light that gilds the face and hands of the patriarch, the travel-stained garments of the prodigal and the dirty soles of his feet. Knowing the work was one of Rembrandt’s last makes it yet more potent and uplifting. It glows with love, hope and the promise of redemption.

Patrick Bishop is a military historian, best known for his books on the RAF. His latest, Air Force Blue, is a study of the spirit and importance of the wartime RAF.

John McEwen comments on The Return of the Prodigal Son:
Kenneth Clark wrote in the book of his groundbreaking television series Civilisation: ‘The psychological truth of Rembrandt’s paintings goes beyond that of any other artist who ever lived.’ Of this particular painting, he wrote elsewhere that ‘those who have seen the original in St Petersburg may be forgiven for claiming it as the greatest picture ever painted’.

Clark’s pronouncement was the summation of nearly 70 years’ experience as both a man and
an art historian. So, too, was Rembrandt’s Prodigal Son a summation: painted in the last year of his life, possibly therefore subsequent to the death (on September 4, 1668) of his 27-year-old son Titus, the only one of his six children to survive into adulthood.

What greater parable of Christian forgiveness and parental love could there be than that of the prodigal ‘recklessly wasteful’) son? It appears only in Luke’s Gospel (15:11-32). A man had two sons. The eldest was a model of rectitude, the younger a wastrel, who had demanded his inheritance in advance, gone abroad and lost it all on ‘riotous living’. He came home chastened, prepared to work as the lowest of his father’s servants. His father not only forgave him, he lavished him with presents and ordered a feast. The eldest son complained. The father explained that his prodigal son ‘was dead, and is alive again; he was lost, and is found’.

Light emanates from the forgiving father. The other principal is the offended eldest son, who stands looking contemptuous. In shadow, an older man is lost in melancholy reflection and a younger one is curious. A hesitant young woman is barely visible in the background.