'What I find fascinating about Parmigianino’s self-portrait is that its main feature is not his face, but his hands, the tools of his trade'

Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror, about 1524, by Parmigianino (Francesco Mazzola) (1503–40), 9.6in in diameter, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria. Image credit: Bridgeman Images

The Lord Ramsbotham says:

I was introduced to Mannerism, which comes from maniera, meaning stylish – which Mannerist paintings and sculptures undoubtedly are – by an Open University course. Hands are the trademark of Mannerist art, particularly with an index finger pointing upwards. What I find fascinating about Parmigianino’s self-portrait is that its main feature is not his face, but his hands, the tools of his trade. Convex mirrors distort reflections and I have always admired the self-confidence of a young artist, who not only attempted such a painting but used it in his CV to announce his ability to possible patrons.

Gen The Lord Ramsbotham GCB CBE, Chief Inspector of Prisons 1995–2001, sits on the crossbenches in the House of Lords

John McEwen comments on Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror:

Parmigianino was born in Parma, hence his name. He was two when his artist father died, so he was raised and trained by two artist uncles. By 16, he was superior to them all.

Parma had produced great architecture and sculpture, but depended on painters from elsewhere. One of these was Antonio Correggio. Parmigianino learned from Correggio, more than 10 years his senior, when they worked together on frescoes for a monastery church. The result advanced both their careers: Correggio was overwhelmed with commissions; Parmigianino, only 19, was commissioned to paint some frescoes in Parma Cathedral.

By 1524, he sought to advance his career by going to Rome, where he remained until the city was sacked in 1527 by the army of the Holy Roman Empire. He took three of his pictures, which, according to his first chronicler Vasari, he offered to the Pope as examples of his mastery. The most dramatic was this inventive and easily transportable self-portrait, the convex subject made literal by being painted on a curved wooden surface.

Raphael, youngest of the three great artists (Leonardo, Michelangelo) of the High Renaissance, had died three years before. In his portrait, Parmigianino – from the luxury of his dress, the refinement of his magnified hand, his self-assurance – was proposing himself as a replacement for Raphael, also a prodigy famed for good looks, elegance and artistic grace.

‘Mannerism’, a 20th-century categorisation, derived from maniera, a word often used by Vasari, himself a Mannerist. Parmigianino was one of its earliest practitioners. Trickery and odd effects, especially distortion, are characteristics—his self-portrait in a nutshell.