The Highland Games: Dancing, bagpipes and giant men in kilts since 1314

In her 1931 novel Highland Fling, Nancy Mitford described the Highland games as ‘an extraordinary spectacle of apparently meaningless activity’.

She couldn’t have been more wrong: as the bagpipes strike up and the competitors take their places, what visitors are witnessing is nothing less than a celebration of the very soul of the Highlands – as Eleanor Doughty explains.

The Saltire billows in the wind and bagpipes clamour for attention. An enormous, muscular man in a kilt is carrying what looks like (and could well be) a tree trunk high in the air. With a grunt and a heave, he gathers all his strength and hurls it forwards. It lands almost perfectly straight and the grassed arena erupts with applause from the crowd.

On a nearby stage, six-year-old girls high-kick their way through the Highland dancing competitions, anxious mothers waiting to pounce on the merest wisp of hair that escapes from their buns. As the massed pipe bands start up, the onlookers fall silent, transfixed by the beating of the drums and the players that move in step, as one.

#braemar #braemargathering #highlandgames #highlands #scotland

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This is the scene at Gordon Castle’s Highland Games, just outside the village of Fochabers in Moray, 50 miles from Inverness, but it could have been anywhere in Scotland on any summer weekend, with over 100 events on the national calendar.

It’s far bigger than just Scotland, however. There are Highland games events everywhere, as far afield as the Jakarta Highland Gathering in Kuala Lumpur or the Caledonian Club of San Francisco’s games, which are said to be the world’s largest, with more than 50,000 spectators.

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A competitor clutching a 90 kg stone weight to his chest – that's over 15 stone - duriing a Highland Games event

A competitor clutching a 90 kg stone weight to his chest – that’s over 15 stone – duriing a Highland Games event

How did it all begin?

Highland games have existed in some form since the 11th century, when Malcolm III is said to have sent a group of eager competitors up Craig Choinnich in a bid to find the fastest runner to be his messenger.

The Ceres Games near St Andrews in Fife are the oldest still in existence and date back to 1314, when Robert the Bruce granted permission for village games to be held in celebration of those who fought at the Battle of Bannockburn.

The ban and the underground years

The history of Highland games hasn’t all been smooth sailing. The hated Act of Proscription that followed the Jacobite Rising of 1745 sought to crush the clan system and banned the wearing of ‘what peculiarly belongs to the Highland garb’. The games were effectively outlawed but the events were remembered and kept alive.

As soon as the Act was repealed in 1782, the games came back with a bang and began to take the shape we recognise. The first truly modern games were held at Strathearn in Perthshire in 1821, inspired by the royal visit of George IV to Edinburgh in 1822.

What you’ll see

The most famous event, of course, is tossing the caber, in which man mountains throw giant logs as far as they can. In case you think it looks too easy, we’re happy to reveal that the logs used are soaked in water before the event to add extra weight.

Other typical events include a tug of war (usually held between local teams), running, the hammer, shot put, carrying weight over distance and lifting weight on a bar.

Tug-of-War, one of the disciplines at the Highland Games, Dufftown, Moray

Tug-of-War, one of the disciplines at the Highland Games, Dufftown, Moray

There is also a traditional massed pipe bands’ parade; and to the tunes they play, competitive Highland dancing is a must-have. It was originally a men-only event; now, 95% of entrants are female – and women take part in the heavy events too.

Some organisers have, in recent years, added country fair-style events such as terrier racing, gundog-training displays and falconry to their programmes.

The biggest draw? ‘Giant men in kilts.’

Ask almost anyone and you’ll get the same answer: it’s the heavy events that make the games. Madeleine Allen, president of Ceres Highland Games in June, says ‘It wouldn’t be a Highland games without giant men in kilts running around. That’s what makes it different from a village sports day.’

That’s not the only thing, however. For Malcolm Barclay, event manager of the Cowal Highland Gathering, the piping is also particularly poignant. ‘I’ve been doing this for 12 years and still get hairs standing up on the back of my neck when I hear the massed bands. That’s something you can’t miss, wherever you go.’

The games where you’ll spot royalty

The Braemar Gathering in Aberdeenshire, held every September, is the arguably grandest surviving event. It started life as the Braemar Wrights’ Society in 1815, receiving the royal seal of approval in 1866 from Queen Victoria. Since then, members of the Royal Family, including The Queen and The Prince of Wales, have been in regular attendance.

Security has had to be tightened as a result, explains Capt Alwyne Farquharson of Invercauld, the 16th clan chief of Clan Farquharson and owner of the forbidding Braemar Castle, but this hasn’t put a dampener on things. Quite the opposite, in fact: ‘Braemar continues to draw thousands from far and wide.’

Ooooo, excited!! ? #braemargathering #highlanddancing #mightseethequeen

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What you’ll eat and drink

In short? A lot. Top quality local food and drink is all part of the experience of a modern games – as seems to be the case at pretty much everything you go these days, of course. At the Stirling Highland Games they run a full-on food festival at the event, with Harviestoun beers, venison fresh from the national park and a somewhat-less-traditional prosecco bar.

Meanwhile at Gordon Castle, visitors can tuck into game from Macbeth’s, beer from the Windswept Brewing Co and multi-award-winning dressed salads from local grower Saladworx.

Will the Highland games survive?

There’s the odd cloud on the horizon. ‘Back in the 1930s, if there was a Highland games happening, there wasn’t that much else going on at the same time,’ Malcolm Barclay says. ‘Nowadays, people have so many alternatives to choose from that the challenge is to keep the games relevant.

‘It’s about trying to appeal to the people who haven’t been before. We’re confident that, once they come, they’ll keep coming back.’

Where to go and see the Highland games

There’s a full list on the Scottish Highland Games Association website at

(Type that carefully.)

Here are some tips of ours for events which are still to come this summer at the time of writing:

August 26: Lonach Highland Gathering & Games, Bellabeg Park, Strathdon

September 2: Braemar Highland Gathering, The Princess Royal and Duke of Fife Memorial Park,

September 3: Blairgowrie & Rattray Highland Games, Bogles Field, Blairgowrie

September 16: Invercharron Highland Games, Balblair Farm, Bonar Bridge