Millions of horses, mules and other beasts of burden were silent unsung casualties of the First World War.
The Lesboeufs Road outside Flers, November 1916.
In such conditions, disease and sheer exhaustion accounted for a great number of war-related equine casualties.
England as an armed camp: Country Life charted the militarisation of the countryside in 1914. Here a troop of the Territorial Army return after a day of exercises.
Destination Unknown by Lionel Edwards, published in 1914.
Horses remained crucial to the war effort and were transported in huge numbers to the front.
Fresh horses skirt a huge shell crater on the way to the front in 1918. Almost half a million horses and mules were then serving in the British forces in France.
An operation in a veterinary hospital to extract shrapnel, published in 1918.
A 1915 advertisement for the Blue Cross Fund, first set up in 1912 during the Balkan War.