'I like the idealised realism — in the same way as Munnings painted every horse to look conformationally perfect'
The Death of Marat, 1793, by Jacques-Louis David (1748–1825), 64in by 50in, Musées royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels
Harry Meade says:
I studied History of Art at Bristol University and neo-Classicism particularly appealed to me. Its idealism presents a style that is reassuringly simple and the subject often provides a didactic example of how to live. I find David’s Death of Marat aesthetically beautiful and its ordered simplicity appealing. It contains no hyperbole or hot air; it is an image of death in its purity. I like the idealised realism — in the same way as Munnings painted every horse to look conformationally perfect. I loved my days at Bristol and this painting reminds me of a very happy time in my life.
Harry Meade is a leading event rider and part of Britain’s silver-medal-winning team at the 2014 World Championships in Normandy.
John McEwen comments:
Jean-Paul Marat (1743–93) was the French Revolution’s most popular political agitator, with his ‘newspapers’ (more like today’s blogs) and posters. David was its official artist, dictator of art and master of ceremonies. Marat spent some of his pre-revolutionary adult life in London, where he was a doctor and scientist as well as author and journalist. In Paris, David’s austere neo-Classical paintings sensationally opposed Rococo gaiety.
Both enjoyed Court patronage, but their radicalism was galvanised by the revolution. They voted for the execution of Louis XVI in the National Convention and were at the height of their political power in 1793, the frenzied year of the King’s execution and onset of the terror.
Marat, a notoriously ugly man, was dying from a chronic skin disease, only alleviated by immersion in water. He worked sitting in a bath with a sheet to protect him from its copper sides. David was familiar with this sight. When Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday, who had travelled from Caen determined to kill him, he became overnight the revolutionaries’ principal martyr. A public picture was demanded and David supplied this propagandist masterpiece, with its sacrificial reference to the dead Christ and Marat’s ugliness and diseased skin idealistically transformed.
This accorded with the cry of the Parisian mob at Marat’s state funeral: ‘O cor de Jesus, O cor de Marat.’ The picture was commissioned on July 14, the day after the assassination, finished by October 14 and unveiled at the Convention on November 14.
This article was first published in Country Life, September 16, 2015
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