Which breed makes the best gundog? The pros and cons of labradors, spaniels, terriers and more

Whether you own labradors, springers, cockers or a mix of all three, debate over which gundog is best has raged for centuries. Katy Birchall asks which breed works for you.

Few subjects spark more passion or generate such lively debate as one’s choice of gundog. Animated anecdotes, enthusiastic opinion and teasing flow on a shoot day and, if you really want to have some fun, be sure to ask the million-dollar question: ‘Which breed is best?’

With so many to choose from today and with each breed boasting its own particular merits, it’s a question that’s nearly impossible to answer – the sensible response is that it depends on the work you want your dog to do.

Rationality aside, the general consensus tends to be that you should get whichever breed the person you’re talking to has. We canvassed opinion far and wide to give the pros and cons of the most popular choices – though in all truth, it’s less a matter of merit and more a matter of heart. As Lord Tottering would says of his gundog, ‘I love him more than my wife. Am I allowed to say that?’

The Labrador

Duke of Rutland (Picture: ©Country Life/Sarah Farnsworth)

His Grace the Duke of Rutland with Nelson the labrador (Picture: ©Country Life/Sarah Farnsworth)

‘For someone like me, who doesn’t concentrate on his dog on a shooting day, one need look no further than a labrador,’ declares the Duke of Roxburghe, owner of a yellow working labrador.

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‘Always at your side, [they’re] loyal and obedient – most of the time. My present dog, Polo, is the best I’ve had and endlessly in demand with pretty blondes to keep the line going.’

A devoted and much-loved companion, the labrador has many other high-profile fans – the Duchess of Devonshire has several and The Queen is a keen supporter. The latter is the handler of a band of highly respected working labradors and cockers from her kennels at Sandringham.

Black Labrador Retriever plunging into pond on a retrieve (Picture: Lynn Stone / Nature Picture Library)

For Lt-Gen Sir Barney White-Spunner, former executive chairman of the Country-side Alliance, having three fox-red labradors at his side for a day’s shooting is what makes it complete. ‘I don’t always love them when they don’t come back, but I forgive them because there’s something about that unconditional labrador love that’s so constant and dependable,’ he admits.

Without question, the labrador is the most popular retriever breed, winning global favour for the ease with which it can be trained, its pleasing temperament and its versatility.

The Springer Spaniel

The Earl of Leicester with his springer spaniels (©Richard Faulks / Country Life)

The shooting world’s commitment to the spaniel, in all its incarnations, is unstinting. Versatility is the key characteristic that Peter Moxon – the great trainer and Shooting Times gundog editor of 40 years’ standing – attributes to the English springer. To him, the springer is ‘the ideal rough shooter’s dog and, for anyone who requires an all-rounder, the breed will appeal as being most versatile’.

This hardy, fun dog ticks all the boxes – a natural hunter and retriever, it loves working in cover and water – and has long been the go-to breed for keepers, beaters, pickers-up and guns.

‘Initially, I chose English springer spaniels because my father had them, as did my four-greats-grandfather, Coke of Norfolk. We have a Gainsborough portrait of him with three liver-and-white ones,’ the Earl of Leicester explains. ‘They’re certainly easier to spot on a shooting field than black labradors.’

Lord Leicester has had four springers at Holkham Hall in Norfolk, each a son of the one before.

‘Our Irish terriers have been given heroic names from Antiquity, such as Hector and Jupiter,’ he elaborates. ‘The less-favoured kennel dogs, on the other hand, have names of gastropods or other small creatures – Snail, Slug, Shrimp and Scampi. We’re now celebrating the birth of Squid.’

The Cocker Spaniel

international dog day

These days, the springer has some serious competition in the shape of the working cocker spaniel, which, according to Kennel Club registration figures, is nudging ahead in the popularity stakes. As advocates will happily tell you, the cocker spaniel is equally speedy and willing to please, with an endearing small stature that comes in handy both on and off the field.

‘They can fit through the smallest hole in a fence and sit in the car footwell and not be in the way,’ says Sir Edward Dashwood, who’s had cockers at West Wycombe for 20 years.

‘I just adore them. They’re so full of character and loving. Mine are never immaculate gundogs, but, usually, just well enough trained to get by and they are very effective when it comes to bringing back game.

‘They’ve all retrieved geese, but they really come into their own when hunting small game, such as woodcock. I’d like to say they could sit on a peg without being tethered, but that would be tempting fate.’

Sir Edward Dashwood and his Cocker Spaniels - Minwear young bitch, Teifi older bitch (Picture: Sarah Farnsworth / Country Life Picture Library)

Sir Edward Dashwood and his Cocker Spaniels – Minwear young bitch, Teifi older bitch (Picture: Sarah Farnsworth / Country Life Picture Library)

The Duke of Northumberland is also a fan of this gundog’s charm and boundless energy. ‘A cocker is ideal if you draw next to the more competitive sportsman,’ he says.

‘Before they can start to hoover up my birds, my spaniel, Hector, has already picked theirs. He only has one speed – very fast – and would rather pick a runner in the next county than a dead bird nearby. It’s no coincidence that he’s just had a storm named after him.’

The Sprocker Spaniel


McTavish (Mac for short) is a working sprocker (Picture: ©Andrew Sydenham / Country Life)

Torn between springer and cocker? Consider, in that case, the sprocker, a breed that’s enjoyed a surge of popularity in recent years.

‘It wasn’t so long ago that spaniels were all the same, divided by weight and colouring, so a sprocker is simply turning the clock back,’ explains gundog writer David Tomlinson, who’s recently acquired one to join his springer.

‘The advantage of an outcross is fresh blood and, with luck, you get the best of both breeds. Most sprockers I’ve come across have been wonderful hunting dogs.’

Sprocker enthusiast Lynda Elliot agrees, emphasising the breed’s impressive record on the field. Her now-retired Rhum was renowned for his ability to retrieve runners.

‘His biggest claim to fame was finding a runner three fields from where it had been shot and bringing it back to his handler,’ she recalls.

‘A big cock pheasant and a wee sprocker wiped the eyes of the others and brought it back. Sprockers are great dogs, whether as a gundog, a pet, an agility dog or even an assistance dog.’

The Clumber Spaniel

clumber spaniel

Clumber Spaniels (©Sarah Farnsworth / Country Life)

Other spaniel breeds mustn’t be overlooked, and a win for a Clumber in an any-variety field trial last year gave the breed a well-deserved publicity boost. Steady working dogs with a good nose, Clumbers have historically been firm favourites with royalty – George V and Prince Albert adored theirs and, today, The Princess Royal is president of the Working Clumber Spaniel Society.

‘I’ve had Clumbers for more than 15 years,’ says Viscount Gage, who has hosted WCSS shooting days at Firle Place, East Sussex. ‘They’re excellent companions and enthusiastic dogs.’

The Vizsla

A Vizsla Pointer with partridge (Picture: Alamy)

A Vizsla Pointer with partridge (Picture: Alamy)

Over in the hunt, point and retrieve camp, the rising star is surely the Hungarian wire-haired vizsla – a diligent, intelligent and adaptable gundog that’s not bad to look at, either.

‘Whatever I say about them will be positive,’ enthuses Norfolk gamekeeper Tracie Rickman.

‘That may be because I’ve had so many wonderful experiences with them over the past 20 years. The ultimate has to be shooting over my own homebred dogs, whether on the peg, grouse moor, duck flighting or rough shooting, then coming home with that same dog and it’s a brilliant family pet.’

The German Shorthaired Pointer

A German Shorthaired Pointer enjoying the wind blowing in her ears on the Preseli Hill in Pembrokeshire (©Alamy)

A German Shorthaired Pointer enjoying the wind blowing in her ears on the Preseli Hill in Pembrokeshire (©Alamy)

The German shorthaired pointer is another majestic dog that’s making waves, but, as Lucie Hustler, proud owner of five, will tell you, this isn’t a breed for the faint-hearted.

‘Put in the work and you get the reward,’ she says. ‘They can be independent, wilful and bordering on high-maintenance. The reward is a dog that can work relentlessly in all types of country, on all types of game, on every kind of shoot.

‘They can be as good as the best labrador, the best spaniel and the best pointer, all rolled into one.’

The Terrier

Lord Stafford with his Norfolk terriers: Toots, Tinker and Tubby (©The Field / Andy Hook)

Finally, it would be criminal to overlook the terrier as a sporting dog. Lord Stafford is the proud owner of three generations of Norfolk terrier – Toots, Tinker and Tubby – which often accompany him shooting.

‘They just have tremendous attitude,’ he eulogises. ‘They’re obedient and they love the day. On a grouse moor, they’re like dolphins – one moment you see them, the next you don’t.’

He does, however, add a note on their lack of ground clearance: ‘They need a good shower when they get home.’