It's 100 years this week since women in Britain first won the right to vote. Emma Hughes picks out the key steps which led to the success of the Suffrage movement.
The first petition demanding women be given the vote is presented to parliament by Henry Hunt MP on behalf of Mary Smith of Stanmore, Yorkshire.
Another petition is presented unsuccessfully to parliament by John Stuart Mill. A year later, after a third fails to pass, the Manchester National Society for Women’s Suffrage is set up by Lydia Becker, an amateur botanist who worked with Charles Darwin. Similar societies begin forming around the country.
Millicent Garrett Fawcett, co-founder of Newnham College, Cambridge, is instrumental in setting up the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS).
After losing patience with the diplomatic approach of the NUWSS, Emmeline Pankhurst breaks away and forms the more radical Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU).
The term ‘suffragette’ appears in print for the first time.
Marion Wallace Dunlop becomes the first suffragette to go on hunger strike in prison. Force-feeding quickly becomes a widespread practice.
‘Black Friday’ protests break out in response to the Conciliation Bill, which would have permitted some women to vote, stalling in parliament.
The Parliamentary Franchise (Women) Bill is narrowly defeated in parliament. Widespread unrest follows.
WSPU member Emily Wilding Davison steps in front of the King’s horse Anmer at Epsom, dying of her injuries. Tens of thousands line the streets on the day of her funeral.
As the First World War breaks out, suffragists and suffragettes pause campaigning in order to support the war effort.
The Representation of the People Act, which gave women of property over the age of 30 the right to vote, gains Royal Assent on 6 February. The first General Election in which that right is exercised comes just over 10 months later, on December 14.
Universal and suffrage for all men and women aged 21 and over finally passes into law, with no property qualification necessary. Even still, there were anomalies. It would be a further 20 years before plural voting was banned, with the abolition of the university constituencies and the extra vote for those who lived in one constituency but owned property in another.
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