Gavin Plumley, author and cultural historian, selects an unusual canvas with two painters credited.
Gavin Plumley on his choice of ‘The Druids: Bringing in the Mistletoe’ by Edward Atkinson Hornel and George Henry
‘I was shattered when I first saw The Druids. Having delivered various lectures on “Vienna 1900”, the thought of more art was daunting. But then I found myself contemplating this strange, gilded procession.
‘The austere reverence of the moonlight, the echoes of wider native cultures and the vibrant scarlet of Hornel and Henry’s palette rooted the Glasgow Boys’ incipient modernism in the ancient.
‘As I wrote in A Home for All Seasons, mistletoe was often considered a cure for melancholy. And with cattle wreathed in its mystic branches, this rich foretaste of Klimt’s golden icons certainly lifts my winter mood.’
Gavin Plumley is an author and cultural historian. He appears in the newly released film on Gustav Klimt, Klimt and The Kiss.
Charlotte Mullins comments on ‘The Druids: Bringing in the Mistletoe’
Edward Atkinson Hornel and George Henry were part of the Glasgow Boys, a group that is now seen as marking the birth of Scottish Modernism. They turned their backs on stuffy academic teaching to paint naturalistic scenes outdoors, inspired by Gustave Courbet, the Barbizon school and Jules Bastien-Lepage in France. Henry had trained at the Glasgow School of Art and the Académie Julian in Paris; Hornel had studied in Edinburgh and Antwerp in Belgium. The pair met when Hornel returned to Scotland in 1885 and, the following year, they spent the summer together in Kirkcudbright on the west coast, the home town of Hornel and by then an established artists’ colony.
Slowly, the pair left naturalism behind for a more decorative style that was full of colour and Celtic symbolism. The Druids: Bringing in the Mistletoe dates from 1890 and is the first work on which they collaborated. A party of druids processes down a snowy bank in ornate robes, their Celtic insignia picked out in gold.
The painting represented a giant leap from the work of their peers, who still painted country girls picking cabbages and boys ducking through broken fences in hand-me-down clothes. This has more in common with the symbolism of Paul Gauguin’s Vision After the Sermon (1888) and the flat patterns of Japanese prints. It initiated an interest in Celtic decoration — it also occupies a knotwork frame — and led to the Celtic Revival of the 1890s. The Druids was shown to great acclaim at the International Exhibition in Munich in 1890.
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