Canadian artist David Milne moved from city to country, eventually ending up as a hermit in a remote part of his homeland. Lilias Wigan takes a look at this key work from that time, simultaneously impressionistic and brutally honest.

David Milne, Tent in Temagami, 1929, Collection of the Tom Thomson Art Gallery, Owen Sound, Ontario, bequest from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970. © The Estate of David Milne

David Milne, Tent in Temagami, 1929, Collection of the Tom Thomson Art Gallery, Owen Sound, Ontario, bequest from the Douglas M. Duncan Collection, 1970. © The Estate of David Milne

The Dulwich Picture Gallery recently opened the first major UK showing of the work of Canadian artist David Milne (1882-1953). Arranged chronologically, it begins with Milne’s arrival in the bustling streets of New York, where, aged 21, he intended to pursue a career in commercial illustration.

Enthralled by the city’s museums and galleries, he soon turned his aspirations to fine art. With Impressionist-inspired, pixelated brushstrokes, he painted billboards and street signs, horses and carts — all with radiating energy. This is New York on the brink of modernity.

Moving through the exhibition, the style shifts dramatically as Milne leaves his urban environment. His principal subject is now the natural world; we move from a village in upstate New York to a battered post-war northern France, on to rural north-east America and ultimately back to his native Canada.

Milne’s parents were Scottish immigrants in a rural farming community in Ontario and he was raised to be close to Nature. In 1929, he built a solo camp outside Temagami, a remote mining town north of Toronto. In his tent, he built a wooden floor, installed a stovepipe and lived as a hermit, never venturing further than 5 kilometres away.

A Red Canoe floats on Lake Temagami, Ontario, Canada.

Lake Temagami, Ontario, Canada

He canoed on the nearby lake and nurtured plants, bringing them into his home to work on still-life compositions, and studied the abandoned, flooded mineshafts dotted around the surrounding woodland. Tent in Temagami (1929) does little to romanticise the daily life of this isolated outpost. The reflective pools of the mineshafts offer a dystopian alternative to Monet’s water-garden ponds.

Milne was taken by the effect of minerals that leaked from the rock beds into the swampy water and simplifies these colours so that they make an impact against a mainly black landscape. The swirling forms of subdued colour almost look like camouflage.

Although he had neither financial reward nor artistic recognition during his lifetime, Milne is now celebrated in Canada. This exhibition shows why. It reveals clearly the shifts in his style and his profound connection to the natural world, which he found through a self-imposed solitude.

David Milne: Modern Painting‘ is on at the Dulwich Picture Gallery until May 7 – adults £15.50, Concs £7, children and members free – www.dulwichpicturegallery.org.uk.

If you’re interested in finding out more about David Milne, a new book has been published to coincide with the exhibition. David Milne: Modern Painting is edited by Sarah Milroy and Ian A.C. Dejardin (Philip Wilson Publishers; £25).